OBGYN is an abbreviation for Obstetrician and Gynecologist. Obstetricians specialize in pregnancy, child birth, and delivering babies. Gynecologists specialize in female reproductive health. Many doctors only practice gynecology. The ones that also deliver babies are OBGYNs.
Gynecologists treat a wide range of health issues related to female organs. This includes urinary infections, ovarian, uterine, or cervical cancer, endometriosis, birth control, STDs, infertility, and menopause. Many women use gynecologists as their primary care doctors.
Obstetricians take care of a women while she's pregnant and deliver the baby. There are many complications that can come up during pregnancy so it's important to notice any symptoms quickly. Pregnant women will see their obsterician many times during pregnancy, and more frequently as they approach the due date. The guidelines are 1 visit per month in the first 6 months, then every 2 weeks in months 7 and 8, then every week in the last month.
OBGYNs have many diagnostic tools available when patients have symptoms such as pain or irritation. The are STD tests, pregnancy tests, blood and urine tests to check for infections.
There are also many screening tests to check for cancers early. Pap smears detect cervical cancer. Mammograms check for breast cancer.
Ultrasounds are used to check organs.
OBGYNs can remove growths in reproductive organs such as cysts, polyps, and fibroids.
Women experience major changes during pregnancy. Some are normal; some can indicate problems. All should be discussed with an OBGYN. Common symptoms include nausea, aches, pain, sensitivity, headaches, mood swings, food cravings, trouble sleeping, weight gain or loss, swelling, stretch marks, skin color changes, frequent urination, and fatigue. If needed, OBGYNs can perform a C-section instead of natural child birth.